DECLARE and SET variables in BigQuery

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DECLARE and SET variables in BigQuery

Here's a part of procedural language that I use quite a lot in BigQuery.

Whether you're looking to run a query based on a multiple values of a particular parameter, finding out the watermark for incremental loading or just doing some testing, you can DECLARE and SET variables you can reuse across your query.

A couple of ways to do it:
- we can declare a variable with no type, but we need to provide a default, from which the time will be inferred
- a variable can be declared together with the type and choose to assign a value at declaration or later with SET
- a sub query can also provide the implicit value and table of a variable

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